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Juan Carlos Sales

Sales, Juan Carlos is researcher and professor at the Jaume I University (Valencia, Spain) where is carrying out his doctoral thesis on the Spanish technocracy. His main research fields are the history of the twentieth century, the theories around the political theology and the German sociology. He has been teaching Documental Heritage and History and Contemporary History, and he is member of the Comparative Social History at Jaume I University. Recent publications: (2019) “The Kantian concept of publicity in the theory of institutional design”, Parlament de les Illes Balears i Institut d’Estudis Autonòmics, pp. 329-342. (2017) “Life Time. Anthropology, technic and modernity. On the loss of sense in the contemporary world”, Universidad de Chile, pp. 43-53.
Visitor in the University of Lodz (Poland), at the Department of Contemporary History, under the supervision of the Dr. Hab. Radoslaw Pawel (comparative study between the Spanish and Polish history). Current fellowship in the Leibniz Institute of European History (Mainz, Germany) studying the impact of the subject under the economic development and its relation with the religion.

The Immanent World. The Political Anthropology of Identity.

The sociological characterization of the contemporary world is based on the instability factor of collective and personal identity. It has been said that the parameters of triumphant neo-liberalism produce the fading of the historically traditional character, losing the strength of all human relationships (R. Sennett, Z. Bauman). One of these defeated spheres is politics, which is permanently
surpassed by the economy and cannot remain at its height as a regulator of social life (H. Rosa). These diagnosescan be seen as final explanations, or as a tendency- in the philosophical sense – of an era. Therefore, apart from asking if these are correct and essentially define the social world, we must find the key that allows us to understand why these are the theories that cover all current
diagnoses. The thesis that is going to be defended here, based on current political theory, is the current inability to reproduce the friend-enemy scheme. This inability is shown in three phases: the first, the inability to create a representation sufficiently of itself to establish a social difference with others; the second is the permanent need for a novelty (in this case, identity) that is reproduced eternally and does not consolidate a stable model of the individual (friend or enemy); the third, and consequence of all this, the consideration of man as a value permanently interchangeable
by other subjects that constitute the novelty. This last step is also the basic characteristic of current populism (E. Laclau, C. Mouffe). This world of immanence thus means a pure, constant self-affirmation that has no other result than Nietzschean philosophical nihilism.